"Nós ainda temos muito trabalho para tornar a vida melhor para os americanos, o que inclui os agricultores, as pessoas em torno desta mesa, e os nossos fazendeiros e pessoas de comunidades rurais", disse Trump na Casa Branca ao assinar o ato.
A força tarefa criada por Trump será presidida pelo Secretário da agricultura e acompanhada por funcionários de outros órgãos do Poder Executivo. O grupo deverá fazer recomendações de políticas depois de analisar as regras que os produtores rurais americanos são obrigados a seguir hoje. O grupo deverá "identificar alterações legislativas, regulamentações e políticas na América rural para promover a agricultura, o desenvolvimento econômico, o crescimento do emprego, melhorias de infra-estrutura, inovação tecnológica, segurança energética e qualidade de vida."
A ordem do presidente vem em meio a preocupações de alguns agricultores e especialistas em agricultura que a administração de Trump não é focada na política agrícola e que agenda comercial do governo americano poderá ser ruim para a agricultura exportadora dos EUA. A proposta de orçamento Trump, divulgada no início deste ano fez cortes drásticos no Departamento de Agricultura, qui foi a última agência Poder Executivo a ter um secretário, Sonny Perdue, nomeado.
Johnathan Hladik, diretor de políticas do Centro de Assuntos Rurais, um grupo de defesa rural, disse ao Huffinton Post que alguns aspectos da decisão de Trump - especialmente as referências à inovação tecnológica na América rural - são promissores.
Em geral, porém, Hladik acha que a ordem terá uma efeito menor do que os cortes maciços propostos para o USDA, especialmente o encerramento de iniciativas de desenvolvimento rural, como programa de apoio micro-empresário da agência e subsídios a produtos com valor agregado. "Para mim, soa como se tivessem ignorado América rural no início do governo, começaram a receber algumas críticas, por isso, eles estão fazendo esse gesto simbólico para mostrar que eles não estão ignorando [rural Unidos]", disse Hladik disse HuffPost.
O Farm Bureau, maior grupo de defesa do agronegócio da América, geralmente apoia dos esforços de Trump para desregulamentar o setor rural. Mas a Nacional Farmers Union fez uma defesa apática do ato presidentcial. Rob Larew, vice-presidente sênior de comunicações e relações governamentais do NFU, desdenhou do ato afirmando que foi uma forma de realinhar esforços dos governos anteriores para responder às preocupações do campo.
O grupo de Larew permanece focado em como Perdue pretende tentar desfazer os cortes no orçamento do USDA. "Tudo, de imigração a cuidados de saúde, tem enormes implicações do ponto de vista rural e da agricultura", Larew disse HuffPost. "Então, o que ele [Perdue] fará? Há muitos desafios no horizonte, alguns dos quais foram criados por esta administração, então ele: tem um monte de coisas para cuidar e muito rapidamente".
Veja a íntegra da Ordem Executiva de Trump:
Presidential Executive Order on Promoting Agriculture and Rural Prosperity in America
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PROMOTING AGRICULTURE AND RURAL PROSPERITY IN AMERICA
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and in order to ensure the informed exercise of regulatory authority that affects agriculture and rural communities, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. A reliable, safe, and affordable food, fiber, and forestry supply is critical to America's national security, stability, and prosperity. It is in the national interest to promote American agriculture and protect the rural communities where food, fiber, forestry, and many of our renewable fuels are cultivated. It is further in the national interest to ensure that regulatory burdens do not unnecessarily encumber agricultural production, harm rural communities, constrain economic growth, hamper job creation, or increase the cost of food for Americans and our customers around the world.
Sec. 2. Establishment of the Interagency Task Force on Agriculture and Rural Prosperity. There is hereby established the Interagency Task Force on Agriculture and Rural Prosperity (Task Force). The Department of Agriculture shall provide administrative support and funding for the Task Force to the extent permitted by law and within existing appropriations.
Sec. 3. Membership. (a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall serve as Chair of the Task Force, which shall also include:
(i) the Secretary of the Treasury;
(ii) the Secretary of Defense;
(iii) the Attorney General;
(iv) the Secretary of the Interior;
(v) the Secretary of Commerce;
(vi) the Secretary of Labor;
(vii) the Secretary of Health and Human Services;
(viii) the Secretary of Transportation;
(ix) the Secretary of Energy;
(x) the Secretary of Education;
(xi) the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency;
(xii) the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission;
(xiii) the Director of the Office of Management and Budget;
(xiv) the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy;
(xv) the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy;
(xvi) the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers;
(xvii) the Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy;
(xviii) the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy;
(xix) the Administrator of the Small Business Administration;
(xx) the United States Trade Representative;
(xxi) the Director of the National Science Foundation; and
(xxii) the heads of such other executive departments, agencies, and offices as the President or the Secretary of Agriculture may, from time to time, designate.
(b) A member of the Task Force may designate a senior level official who is a full-time officer or employee of the member's department, agency, or office to perform the member's functions on the Task Force.
Sec. 4. Purpose and Functions of the Task Force. (a) The Task Force shall identify legislative, regulatory, and policy changes to promote in rural America agriculture, economic development, job growth, infrastructure improvements, technological innovation, energy security, and quality of life, including changes that:
(i) remove barriers to economic prosperity and quality of life in rural America;
(ii) advance the adoption of innovations and technology for agricultural production and long-term, sustainable rural development;
(iii) strengthen and expand educational opportunities for students in rural communities, particularly in agricultural education, science, technology, engineering, and mathematics;
(iv) empower the State, local, and tribal agencies that implement rural economic development, agricultural, and environmental programs to tailor those programs to relevant regional circumstances;
(v) respect the unique circumstances of small businesses that serve rural communities and the unique business structures and regional diversity of farms and ranches;
(vi) require executive departments and agencies to rely upon the best available science when reviewing or approving crop protection tools;
(vii) ensure access to a reliable workforce and increase employment opportunities in agriculture-related and rural-focused businesses;
(viii) promote the preservation of family farms and other agribusiness operations as they are passed from one generation to the next, including changes to the estate tax and the tax valuation of family or cooperatively held businesses;
(ix) ensure that water users' private property rights are not encumbered when they attempt to secure permits to operate on public lands;
(x) improve food safety and ensure that regulations and policies implementing Federal food safety laws are based on science and account for the unique circumstances of farms and ranches;
(xi) encourage the production, export, and use of domestically produced agricultural products;
(xii) further the Nation's energy security by advancing traditional and renewable energy production in the rural landscape; and
(xiii) address hurdles associated with access to resources on public lands for the rural communities that rely on cattle grazing, timber harvests, mining, recreation, and other multiple uses.
(b) The Task Force shall, in coordination with the Deputy Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs, provide State, local, and tribal officials -- and farmers, ranchers, foresters, and other rural stakeholders -- with an opportunity to suggest to the Task Force legislative, regulatory, and policy changes.
(c) The Task Force shall coordinate its efforts with other reviews of regulations or policy, including those conducted pursuant to Executive Order 13771 of January 30, 2017 (Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs), Executive Order 13778 of February 28, 2017 (Restoring the Rule of Law, Federalism, and Economic Growth by Reviewing the "Waters of the United States" Rule), and Executive Order 13783 of March 28, 2017 (Promoting Energy Independence and Economic Growth).
Sec. 5. Report. Within 180 days of the date of this order, the Secretary of Agriculture, in coordination with the other members of the Task Force, shall submit a report to the President, through the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and the Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy, recommending the legislative, regulatory, or policy changes identified pursuant to section 4 of this order that the Task Force considers appropriate. The Secretary of Agriculture shall provide a copy of the final report to each member of the Task Force.
Sec. 6. Revocation. Executive Order 13575 of June 9, 2011 (Establishment of the White House Rural Council), is hereby revoked.
Sec. 7. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:
(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or
(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.
(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.
(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
DONALD J. TRUMP
THE WHITE HOUSE,
April 25, 2017.